To learn more about news literacy and principles of journalism, check this extensive
listing of educational resources, compiled with our advisors and partners. If you think we should add an educational resource to this list, .
Organizations, Websites and Journals
- Action Coalition for Media Education
- American Journalism Review
- American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE)
(see also: High School Journalism.org)
- The Association for Media Literacy (Canada)
- Center for News Literacy (SUNY - Stony Brook)
- CNN Student News
- Columbia Journalism Review
- The Committee of Concerned Journalists
- Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
- FactCheck.org (and sister site FactCheckEd.org)
- Girls, Women and Media Project
- Grade the News
- High Five, the Integrated Language Arts and Journalism Curriculum
(Newspaper Association of America Foundation)
- High School Broadcast Journalism Project
(from Radio-Television News Directors Association - RTNDA)
- High School Journalism.org
(from American Society of Newspaper Editors - ASNE)
- Investigative Reporters and Editors
- Journal of Media Literacy (National Telemedia Council)
- Journal of Media Literacy Education (NAMLE)
- Know the News (Link TV)
- Media Awareness Network (Canada)
- Media Literacy Clearinghouse
- Media Standards Trust (UK)
- National Association for Media Literacy Education
(See Also: Core Principles, NAMLE Marketplace)
- National Telemedia Council
- News Literacy Conference
- News Literacy Project
- News University (Poynter Institute)
- Nieman Labs
- Poynter Institute for Journalism Education
- Project for Excellence in Journalism
- Project Look Sharp (Ithaca College)
- Robert Maynard Institute for Journalism Education
- Washington News Council
- YouTube Reporters' Center
Journalism Codes of Ethics
- American Society of Newspaper Editors – Code of Ethics
- Associated Press Managing Editors – Code of Ethics
- Center for Citizen Media – Principles of Citizen Journalism
- New York Times – Code of Ethics (PDF)
- Radio-Television News Directors Association – Code of Ethics
- Society of Professional Journalists – Code of Ethics
- Media Analysis Guides – McDougal Littell Literature (grade 12)
- Messages and Meanings: A Guide to Understanding Media – Frank Baker's site
- Points of View in the News – National Geographic XPeditions (grades 6-8)
- Reading Between the Lines – National Geographic XPeditions (grades 9-12)
- Say What? – Thinkport (grades 6-8)
- Teaching the News – Teachworld.com and the Channel One Network
Books and Articles
Primary and Middle School
- Dominic Ali (2005) Media Madness: An Insiders Guide to Media. Toronto:
Kids Can Press, Ltd.
- Stergios Botzakis (2008) What's Your Source?: Questioning the
News. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
- Stergios Botzakis (2007) Pretty in Print: Questioning Newspapers
and Magazines. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
- Peyton Paxson (2004) Media Literacy: Thinking Critically About
Visual Culture. Portland, ME: Walch Education.
- Peyton Paxson (2006) Media literacy: Thinking Critically about
Newspapers and Magazines. Portland, ME: Walch Education.
- Heather E. Schwartz (2008) YourSpace: Questioning New Media.
Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
- Guofang Wan (2007) Virtually True: Questioning Online Media.
Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
- Farai Chideya (1995) Don't Believe the Hype: Fighting Cultural
Misinformation About African-Americans. New York: Penguin Books.
- Robert Cirino (1971) Don't Blame the People: How the News Media
Use Bias, Distortion and Censorship to Manipulate Public Opinion.
Los Angeles: Diversity Press.
- Barry Duncan, Janine D’Ippolito, Cam Macpherson and Carolyn Wilson
(1996) Mass Media and Popular Culture, 2nd edition. Toronto:
- Steve Goodman (2003) Teaching Youth Media: A Critical Guide to
Literacy, Video Production, and Social Change. New York: Teacher’s
- Renee Hobbs (2007) Reading the Media: Media Literacy in High School
English. New York: Teachers College Press.
College and University
- Ben H. Bagdikian (2004) The New Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon.
- W. Lance Bennett (2001) News: The Politics of Illusion, 4th
Edition. New York: Longman.
- Arthur Asa Berger (2008) Seeing is Believing. Columbus, OH:
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences.
- David Buckingham (2003) Media Education: Literacy, Learning and
Contemporary Culture. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
- Michael Bugeja (2005) Interpersonal
Divide: The Search for Community in a Technological Age.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Michael Bugeja (2008) Living
Ethics Across Media Platforms. Oxford: Oxford University
- D. A. Dondis (2000) A Primer of Visual Literacy. Cambridge,
MA: MIT Press.
- Leonard Downie Jr. and Robert G. Kaiser (2002) The News about the
News: American Journalism in Peril. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
- Edward J. Epstein (1973) News from Nowhere: Television and the
News. New York: Random House.
- James Ettema (1987) "Journalism in the 'Post-factual Age.'" Critical
Studies in Communication, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 82-86.
- Tom Fenton (2005) Bad News: The Decline of Reporting, the Business
of News, and the Danger to Us All. New York: HarperCollins.
- Herbert J. Gans (1979) Deciding What's News. New York: Random
- Herbert J. Gans (2003) Democracy and the News. Oxford: Oxford
- Bernard Goldberg (2002) Bias: A CBS Insider Exposes How the Media
Distort the News. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing.
- Bernard Goldberg (2003) Arrogance: Rescuing America from the Media
Elite. New York: Warner Books.
- James T. Hamilton (2004) All the News That's Fit to Sell: How
the Market Transforms Information into News. Princeton, NJ: Princeton
- Don Hazen and Julie Winokur, editors (1997) We the Media: A Citizen’s
Guide to Fighting for Media Democracy. New York: The New Press.
- Gregg Hoffmann (1993) Media Maps and Myths. Whitefish Bay,
WI: M&T Communications.
- Robert M. Hutchins and the Commission on Freedom of the Press (1947)
A Free and Responsible Press. Chicago: University of Chicago
- Harold A. Innis (1951) The Bias of Communication. Toronto:
University of Toronto Press.
- Reed Irvine, Joseph C. Goulden and Cliff Kincaid (1993) The News
Manipulators. Smithtown, NY: Book Distributors.
- Brooks Jackson and Kathleen Hall Jamieson (2007) Unspun.
New York: Random House.
- Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel (2001) The Elements of Journalism:
What Newspeople Should Know and the Public Should Expect. New York:
- Robert Kubey, editor (1997) Media Literacy in the Information
Age. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
- Walter Lippmann (1922) Public Opinion. New York: Free Press.
- Eleanor MacLean (1981) Between the Lines: How to Detect Bias and
Propaganda in the News and Everyday Life. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
- Robert W. McChesney (2004) The Problem of the Media: U.S. Communication
Politics in the 21st Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.
- Robert W. McChesney (1999) Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication
Politics in Dubious Times. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
- Marcy McGinnis and Howard Schneider (2009) Watching TV News: How to Be a Smarter Viewer (Free online course at Poynter Institute's News University)
- Denis McQuail (2003) Media Accountability and Freedom of Publication.
London: Oxford Press.
- John H. McManus (1994) Market-driven Journalism: Let the Citizen
Beware? Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- John H. McManus (2009) Sunnyvale, CA: The Unvarnished Press. Detecting Bull: How to Identify Bias and Junk Journalism in Print, Broadcast and on the Wild Web
(An e-book on DVD is available at detectingbull.com)
- Paul Messaris (1998) "Visual Aspects of Media Literacy." Journal
of Communication, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 70-80.
- Joshua Meyrowitz (1998) "Multiple Media Literacies." Journal of
Communication, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 96-108.
- W. Russell Neuman, Marion R. Just and Ann N. Crigler (1992) Common
Knowledge: News and the Construction of Political Meaning. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.
- Anthony Pratkanis and Elliot Aronson (2001) Age of Propaganda:
The Everyday Use and Abuse of Persuasion. New York: Henry Holt.
- Vincent Price and David Tewksbury (1997) "News Values and Public Opinion:
A Theoretical Account of Media Priming and Framing," Progress in Communication
Sciences, eds. George Barnett and Franklin J. Boster. Greenwich,
CT: Ablex, pp. 173-212.
- David Pritchard, editor (2000) Holding the Media Accountable:
Citizens, Ethics and the Law. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University
- Howard Rheingold (2009) Crap Detection 101. San Francisco
- Tom Rosenstiel, Marion
Just, Todd Belt, Atiba Pertilla, Walter Dean, and Dante Chinni (2007)
We Interrupt This Newscast: How to Improve Local News and Win Ratings, Too. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Art Silverblatt (2001) Media Literacy: Keys to Interpreting Media
Messages. Westport, CT: Praeger.
- Jörgen Westerståhl, (1983) "Objective News Reporting: General Premises."
Communication Research, vol. 10, pp. 403-424.
- James Winter (1997) Democracy’s Oxygen: How Corporations Control
the News. Montreal: Black Rose Press.
- Herbert Zettl (1998) "Contextual Media Aesthetics as the Basis for
Media Literacy." Journal of Communication, vol. 48, no. 1, pp.
NewsTrust Team Credits
This list was compiled by John
with additional contributions from Frank
Baker, Fabrice Florin and Kristin
About John McManus
McManus, Ph.D., a former journalist and communication professor and the founder
of Grade the News, writes about and analyzes news media. His first book
about how market forces shape news won the research prize from the Society
of Professional Journalists in 1994. His research has been published
in Columbia Journalism Review, Journalism and Mass Communication
Quarterly, Communication Research, Communication Theory, Journal of
Mass Media Ethics, Newspaper Research Journal, Journalism, Mass Comm
Review, Nieman Reports, and Quill.
John's new publication, Detecting Bull: How to Identify Bias and Junk Journalism in Print, Broadcast and on the Wild Web, [Sunnyvale,
CA: The Unvarnished Press, 2009] is now available. (An e-book on DVD,
you can get it at www.detectingbull.com.)